By removing transactions from the fundamental blockchain, lightning network is relied upon to unblock Bitcoin and reduce related exchange fees. Transactions directed on the lightning network are instantaneous and will considerably upgrade Bitcoin’s utility as a mechanism daily.


Bitcoin Lightning Network

Lightning Network can be described as a second-layer network which transmits signed but will not broadcast exchanges among associates and depends on the Bitcoin blockchain for final settlement of assets. This implies exchanges that are not constrained to the block size, confirmation times are not necessary, and the Bitcoin blockchain does not have to store each transaction that happens.



  • Lightning Network can be utilized to conduct off-chain exchanges which involve trades between digital currencies. For instance, it is mandatory for atomic swaps which will empower cryptocurrency to be traded for another without the association of the third party, for example, cryptocurrency exchanges.
  • Lightning Network takes care of the scaling issue by making a second layer on Bitcoin’s fundamental blockchain. Moreover, the second layer comprises of various payment channels between groups or Bitcoin clients. A lightning network channel is an exchange process between two peers. Utilizing these channels, the groups can transfer or receive payments from one another.
  • Furthermore, the lightning network is intended to be for smaller payments and microscale exchanges of a few cents. For vast amounts of considerable value with Bitcoin, clients should utilize a standard on-chain exchange.

 Working of Lightning Network

 The Lightning Network is based upon the fundamental technology of the blockchain. By utilizing genuine Bitcoin or blockchain exchanges and utilizing its native smart-contract scripting language, it might be possible to make a secure network of members which can be executed at high volume and speed. More like blockchain, the lightning system disinter mediates central foundations, like banks, which are in charge of steering exchanges.


Does it require fees to use Lightning Network?

 Indeed, there are fees for utilizing the Lightning Network. They are a blend of routing charges for steering payment information between lightning hubs and Bitcoin’s exchange fees to open and close the system.


Who built the Bitcoin Lightning Network?

Lightning Network was first portrayed in a white paper composed by Joseph Poon and Thaddeus Dryja.  Later, it has developed into a network of third party individuals and organizations adding to specifications and executions.


Advantages of the lighting network

  • Payments Instantly: With Lightning network, blockchain payments can be quick without stressing over block confirmation times. Blockchain smart contracts authorize security without creating an on-blockchain exchange for individual payments. Besides, payment speed estimated in milliseconds to seconds.
  • Adaptability: The Lightning network is capable of millions to billions of exchanges for each second across the system. Connecting payment per activity or click is presently conceivable without guardians. 
  • Low expenses: By executing and settling off-blockchain, the Lightning Network takes into consideration meager fees, which allows for developing use cases, like instant small scale payments.
  • Cross Blockchains: Cross blockchain atomic swaps can happen off-chain instantaneously with complex blockchain agreement rules. Moreover, as much as the chains supporting the equivalent cryptographic hash work, it is possible to make exchanges over blockchains without trust in intermediaries.

 How lightning payments are made

To use Lightning, the user needs a Lightning-enabled Bitcoin wallet. A Lightning wallet has the same usefulness of a regular wallet but additionally enables the user to send or receive payments instantly through Lightning.

Problems in Lightning Network

Lightning Network is generally a developing technology and is still under development phase. Furthermore, a few issues related to it are being solved. Below given are the few points:  

  • The most evident problem regarding lightning networks is that they are intended to be decentralized, which could prompt duplication of a hub and spoke model that portrays the present financial frameworks. In the current model, banks and financial foundations are the leading third parties through which all exchanges occur.
  • The second issue that is being researched in lightning networks is the feasibility of an increase in bitcoin exchange charges. They are a significant component of the systems general charges. Moreover, if the Bitcoin’s exchange expenses rise, at that point, a second layer could wind up repetitive since it would end up less expensive to conduct exchanges on bitcoin’s blockchain.
  • Lightning networks are accepted to be vulnerable against thefts and hacks because they might be required to be online consistently.